Review of 1 Corinthians

  1. Introduction to 1 Corinthians: Conduct in the Church
  • Corinth is a narrow strip of land that formed a bridge of about five miles connecting the Peloponnese with mainland Greece.
  • Corinth was a wealthy trade city with geographical importance. It was known for its sinfulness. Christians in Corinth struggled with worldliness.
  • The Corinthian churches consisted of mainly Gentiles who were once idolaters.
  • The Apostle Paul struggled with the Corinthian believers because they did not understand what it meant to be spiritual people or people of the Holy Spirit.
  • This letter is Paul’s third exchange with the churches in Corinth. First, he personally founded and taught the church by staying with them for a year and six months. Second, Paul wrote the Corinthians from Ephesus. It is a letter that we do not have preserved for us (see 5.9). Paul dealt with problems regarding sexual immorality in the church in that letter. These problems persist and resurface. Third, Paul writes 1 Corinthians to confront persistent sin and rebellion in the church. This is the letter we are now studying.
  • We ought to study 1 Corinthians because it addresses strident individualism, arrogance, and accommodation to culture. These same problems exist in our church as well.
  1. 1.1-9: Called to be Saints – God calls, commands, and commissions us to be holy.
  2. 1.10-17: Contention in the Church – Paul pleads for peace in the church by moving them to more effectively preach the Gospel of the Cross of Christ.
  3. 1.18-25: Contention at the Cross – There will always be those who stumble at the cross, scorn the cross, and submit to the cross.
  4. 1.26-31: Contention over God’s Chosen – We find righteousness, sanctification, and redemption in God’s Chosen One, the Lord Jesus Christ.
  5. 2.1-5: Contention over Preaching – Powerful preaching must be pure and sympathetic.
  6. 2.6-16: Contention over Spiritual Elitism – We avoid spiritual elitism by developing appreciation for spiritual things and diligently seeking an eternal quality of life.
  7. 3.1-5: Carnal Christians – We must stop thinking and living like the carnal people of this present age.
  8. 3.5-9a: Proper Perspective on Pastors – The pastor has a high calling which leads him to a sober reality: He cannot abdicate or abandon his responsibilities.
  9. 3.9b-15: An Enduring Architecture – Jesus will review our building efforts, reward the good we do, and reject the bad.
  10. 3.16-17: We Are God’s Temple – We are a privileged and protected people.
  11. 3.18-23: We Are Christ’s – We must not deceive ourselves or boast in men. We once belonged to the world, the flesh, and the devil. Now, we are chosen in Christ, purchased by His blood, drawn by His Spirit, and children by faith alone.
  12. 4.1-2: Faithful Stewards – Pastors are both servants and stewards. We must be faithful to Christ and His people.
  13. 4.3-5: Judge Nothing Before the Time – We cannot depend on the judgment of others or our own judgment. We must commit ourselves to the infallible, inerrant judgment of God.
  14. 4.6-13: The Crucible of Our Suffering – Being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we endure, being defamed, we entreat.
  15. 4.14-21: Father Knows Best – We need spiritual fathers exerting spiritual authority motivated by genuine love. Two great motivating meditations: What form of correction do you desire? What form of correction do you deserve?
  16. 5.1-8: An Unleavened Church – How do we avoid misusing the church discipline described in this passage? The entire church must agree on the action of excluding someone from our fellowship. When we do this, our purpose is still restorative. We utilize this form of discipline because of the contamination of sin. This form of discipline is often undermined in the 21st century.
  17. 5.9-13: Principles of Separation (Holiness) – We must be in the world but not of the world; we must not keep company with brothers or sisters who are living in sin; we must separate from evil people in the church.
  18. 6.1-11: The Way We Were – “Such were some of you.” But now we are washed, sanctified, and justified.
  19. 6.12-20: Flee Sexual Immorality – We have bodies destined for eternal redemption not eternal corruption. We belong to God body and spirit. Therefore, we glorify God in both body and spirit.
  20. 7.1-16: Marriage Matters (Pt 1) – Those who are married or used to be married should stay as they are. They shouldn’t change their relationship status.
  21. 7.17-24: Marriage Matters (Pt 2) – Remain in the same relationship that you were in when you were called to salvation in Christ.
  22. 7.25-40: Marriage Matters (Pt 3) – Unmarried people and widows should remain as they are as well.
  23. 8.1-13: The Danger of a Loveless Knowledge – Knowledge and love should be inextricably linked. Loveless knowledge takes on three characteristics: It is conceited, categorical, and contemptuous.
  24. 9.1-18: Preach the Gospel! – All Christians must preach the Gospel and will answer to God for their preaching stewardship. Why? We preach to souls who are needy before a Savior who is worthy.
  25. 9.19-23: All Possible Means – You can’t do wrong in order to get a chance to do right. You can’t do wrong in order to get what you want.
  26. 9.24-27: Make the Prize Yours – Run a steadfast, selfless, and successful race.
  27. 10.1-13: The Danger of Idolatry – All of us can fall into idolatry. Some of us are more likely to fall while some of us are more likely to stand.
  28. 10.14-22: Partaking of the Table of Demons – Beware of contrary interests and imperatives. If we are serving God, we should serve His interests. We make our light shine not through conformity and compromise but through holiness and separation.
  29. 10.23-11.1: A Crisis of Conscience – We strive to give no offense so that people may be saved. We do this by imitating Paul as he imitated Christ.
  30. 11.2-6: What’s a Woman to Do? – What are the roles and responsibilities of women in the church? A Christian woman is a child of God, a steward of His revelation, a priest of God, and will one day reign with Christ.
  31. 11.2-16: Transitioning Not Transforming – We must not be conformed to the world’s penchant to blur and eventual erase the line between a man and a woman. We won’t conform if we experience daily transformation through the renewing of our minds (The Holy Spirit illumines and ignites His revelation to us.).
  32. 11.17-26: The Lord’s Supper (Pt 1) – If we are not prepared to take the Lord’s Supper together, we must repent of our rebellion, ingratitude, and contemptuousness.
  33. 11.27-34: The Lord’s Supper (Pt 2) – Four attitudes of those who eat and drink in an unworthy manner: Undiscerning, irreverent, loveless, and excessive.

Worship and the Voice of the LORD

The two operative words in Psalm 29 are LORD (18 times) and voice (7 times). The whole of Psalm 29 praises the LORD. You might think that the other Psalms do as well. But every Psalm coming before this one contains a mixture of praise and something else (e.g., appeal and application). This Psalm is pure praise… pure worship.

Glory in the Highest

The phrase “mighty ones” (v. 1) refers to the angels of heaven. Why does David call upon the angels to praise God? Maybe he feels his praise and the praise of other men are inadequate. He needs the mighty ones to join with us.
When David was overwhelmed by the majesty of God revealed in a storm he witnessed, he felt inadequate to praise God properly.

Angels understand the importance of giving glory to God in our minds and worshiping Him with our wills in complete subjection to Him. What angels do naturally, we must learn to do as children. Maybe this is why we pray for our Father’s will to be done on earth even as it is done in Heaven.

Passing of the Storm

Verses 3 and 4 seem to detail a storm gathering power over the waters (perhaps the Mediterranean Sea) before coming ashore in full fury. The storm strikes as it moves down from Lebanon (v. 5). Damage is done to the great cedars, a symbol of strength in the ancient world. The mountains themselves tremble. All of this demands a response. The storm passes over the southern desert of Kadesh (where Israel was supposed to end her wilderness journey at the time of Moses, v. 8). What are the people doing who have witnessed the storm? They are in the temple praising God and shouting, “Glory!” Praise began in heaven (vv. 1-2) and is echoed by the people of God on earth. These are people who see His glory in the storm (v. 9).

The Voice of the LORD is an extremely important aspect to worship. The Bible begins with God speaking in Genesis. But He still speaks to me today. He speaks to me everywhere! He speaks In creation, in grace to draw sinners, in judgment to condemn the wicked, and in the Person and Work of Jesus Christ supremely!

Peace on Earth

The earth may shake, but God is steady, enthroned as King of the Universe forever (v. 10). God is in control and there is strength and peace for those who belong to Him (v. 11).


Notice the second half of verse 2 and verses 10-11:

“Worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness …The LORD sat enthroned at the Flood, and the LORD sits as King forever. The LORD will give strength to His people; the LORD will bless His people with peace” (Psalm 29.2b, 10-11).

What is worship? John 4 records the talk that Jesus had with the Samaritan woman on that very subject. “Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father. You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him. God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” (John 4:21–24)

Worship is a spiritual response to God as a result of understanding biblical truth about God. God is central. His character and works must be understood in order for us to respond with our worship. The reason this is so is because truth is rooted in God. The way that truth is revealed to us is in the pages of Scripture. Truth must be observed, understood, acknowledged, and applied. This is worship. I might learn about God through creation and conscience, but I only know Him clearly and confidently in the Bible.

“The Lord reigns; let the peoples tremble! He dwells between the cherubim; let the earth be moved! The Lord is great in Zion, and He is high above all the peoples. Let them praise Your great and awesome name— He is holy. The King’s strength also loves justice; You have established equity; You have executed justice and righteousness in Jacob. Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at His footstool— He is holy.” (Psalm 99:1–5)

What truth about God do we understand in Psalm 99? We understand that the LORD reigns, He is great and holy. He loves justice and executes both justice and righteousness. How does one respond with worship? He trembles, praises, and exalts the LORD.

“Make a joyful shout to the Lord, all you lands! Serve the Lord with gladness; come before His presence with singing. Know that the Lord, He is God; it is He who has made us, and not we ourselves; we are His people and the sheep of His pasture. Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, and into His courts with praise. Be thankful to Him, and bless His name. For the Lord is good; His mercy is everlasting, and His truth endures to all generations.” (Psalm 100)

What truth about God do we understand in Psalm 100? He made us. He is good and eternally merciful. His truth endures. How do we respond with worship? We express our joy, serve with gladness, sing, express thankfulness, and praise Him.

Worship is not what we say it is. Worship is a spiritual response to God as a result of understanding biblical truth about God.

It’s Not Easier to Ask Forgiveness

The enemy sows the seed of doubt. He convinces you that there is no way out when it comes to temptation. God reveals otherwise. There is always the way of escape from temptation (1 Corinthians 10.13). It’s not easier to seek forgiveness rather than to seek permission. Jesus sacrificed in an incomprehensible way to provide an avenue of escape from temptation. His forgiveness is of infinite value. So, we shouldn’t be blithe about it. Psalm 97.10 says, “You who love the LORD, hate evil! He preserves the souls of His saints; He delivers them out of the hand of the wicked.” Do you hate the evil the Holy Spirit reveals in the world? Maybe so. But do you hate the evil the Holy Spirit reveals in you?

First responders face a difficult task. It is compounded when someone put himself in a situation that is dangerous. For instance, a person drinks and drives and now is pinned in a vehicle leaking fuel. A family is told to evacuate a hurricane zone, but the father decided to stay. Now, a helicopter is hovering over the roof of their flooded-out neighborhood. How do first responders feel about people who put themselves in dangerous situations? Good first responders put their feelings aside. They save these people anyway.

God saves us even in our presumption and sin. However, He doesn’t only rescue us; He warns us of danger ahead of time. What path are you on that may be leading to danger today? Allow the Spirit to direct your path. Think of the cross. Do not take it for granted. Devote yourself and your energies to above things where Christ is. Don’t feed your flesh. Don’t spend and be spent on sin and wickedness. Choose well today. Walk the narrow path of righteousness.

Thoughts on “The Bruised Reed” by Richard Sibbes (Pt 1)

Richard Sibbes writes that the bruised reed is the person who is sensitive to sin and misery even to the point of seeing no help in themselves. This leads them to bruising but sparks hope in Christ. “This spark of hope being oppressed by doubtings and fears rising from corruptions makes him smoking flax; so that both these together, a bruised reed and smoking flax, make up the state of a poor distressed man” (4).

Sibbes argues that our post-conversion need for bruising illustrates that we are but reeds and not strong oaks.

  1. We must go boldly to the throne of grace to find help (Hebrews 4.16).
  2. Christ’s way is to first bruise and then heal.
  3. Christ is more mercifully inclined to the weakest of His children.

Who are the bruised reeds?

  1. Bruised reeds see their sin. All former sins and present crosses in life join together to make our bruises more painful.
  2. Bruised reeds see their sin as the greatest evil and God’s favor as the greatest good.
  3. Bruised reeds would rather hear of mercy than of a kingdom.
  4. Bruised reeds see themselves as not worth the dirt they walk on.
  5. Bruised reeds are filled with compassion and sympathy when it comes to others.
  6. Bruised reeds think that others who walk in the comforts of God’s Spirit are among the happiest people in the world.
  7. Bruised reeds tremble at God’s Word.
  8. Bruised reeds are more interested in the inward exercises of a broken heart than with religious formality.

The bruised reeds is self-aware in the best way possible. “Conviction will breed contrition, and this leads to humiliation” (12). Sin is made odious and Christ is above all. “There is more mercy in Christ than sin in us” (13).

What is the smoking flax?

It is grace mingled with corruption. “Grace does not do away with corruption all at once, but some is left for believers to fight with …Broken hearts can yield but broken prayers” (18). Sibbes writes of the mingling of light and smoke in our lives and offers some good Scriptural examples. The light of belief mingled with the smoke of unbelief (Mark 9.24). The smoke of being cast out of God’s presence mingled with the light of hope in looking again toward His holy temple (Jonah 2.4). The smoke of self-awareness when it comes to our wretched state mingled with thanksgiving for Christ’s victory (Romans 7.24).

Gratitude for God’s Gifts

The kindhearted attitude of Paul teaches all of us that we can be thankful for the people in our churches. We may even be thankful for those who are the cause of great consternation for us. When people thought of Paul, it seems to me that they would have found it almost impossible to be offended by his manner. While he was uncompromising and firm, he was also genuinely grateful and loving.

This is startling when you consider the state of the Corinthian church in the New Testament. We read 1 Corinthians and wonder how many of these people could be Christians and still need the directives Paul gave in the letter. We wonder how the Corinthians could be indifferent to what he had to say. Yet Paul makes no assumptions and communicates to them as he would any other church. There is no doubt that many individuals were corrupt in the church. Yet, the majority were more than likely sincere believers.

Most people run away from churches when trouble hits. Paul understands that the problem is not with the believers themselves but with the way they misapply their stewardship in the church. We ought to be thankful for one another always because God has gifted each and every one of us. So, we can be genuinely thankful to God for believers at our churches, since God gives gifts to each of us as individuals. But we must also challenge one another to redirect our focus. How does 1 Corinthians 1.4-9 redirect our focus as we contemplate Thanksgiving in America?

  1. We observe that arrogance and self-sufficiency put the focus on people and ignore the fact that everything good comes down from our Father above.
  2. Further, we learn that humility dictates that we live waiting for Jesus to return, which means that there is always room for improvement.

Paul wrote, “I thank my God always concerning you for the grace of God which was given to you by Christ Jesus, that you were enriched in everything by Him in all utterance and all knowledge, even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you, so that you come short in no gift, eagerly waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, who will also confirm you to the end, that you may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. God is faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord” (1 Corinthians 1:4-9).

Focus your attention on two aspects of this passage. First, Paul is expressing gratitude for God’s gifting of believers. Second, Paul is expressing gratitude for God’s guarantee to believers.

Gratitude for God’s Gifting of Believers

These verses teach us that Paul is thankful because all of the Corinthian believers received spiritual gifts from God. He writes, “I thank my God always concerning you for the grace of God which was given to you by Christ Jesus.” The present tense of the verb thank along with the adverb always make it clear that Paul’s habitual attitude toward believers was one of thanksgiving. Paul does not relinquish his fatherly responsibility for the church (see 4.14-21), but he understands that all believers belong to God and not to him. Therefore, Paul is grateful to God for these believers.

Christians might disagree strongly with each other, but we are grateful and joyful because God is working in all of us. If this attitude is not in us, we fail to understand how much we ourselves need God’s daily mercy. It seems the Corinthians have forgotten they need God’s mercy. This fuels self-sufficiency and arrogance in them.

Paul is thankful for the grace of God. Grace means gift. God gives good gifts to His children. Paul understands this, sees evidence of it, and then is thankful for it. The problem is that the Corinthians focused on their gifts and not on the Giver of those gifts. Once you understand that everything you have is given to you by God, self-sufficiency melts away to be replaced by humility. Paul will say in this letter, “Who makes you differ from another? And what do you have that you did not receive? Now if you did indeed receive it, why do you boast as if you had not received it” (1 Corinthians 4.7),

Paul is thankful that the Corinthians “were enriched in everything by [God] in all utterance and all knowledge (1 Corinthians 1.5). When God gives gifts, He enriches believers in everything. The Christians Standard Bible renders the phrase this way: “You were enriched in him in every way.” This phrase is connected with the qualifying remainder of the verse: “in all utterance and all knowledge.”

Utterance refers to speaking gifts like preaching and prophesying. Knowledge refers to the gift of information. God gifts them by causing them to learn. It seems that it was very evident that the Corinthians were knowledgeable and very articulate in expressing that knowledge.
The problem is that they forgot they were enriched by God. They forgot that Christ was impoverished so that they could be enriched. Paul will say, “You know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for your sakes He became poor, that you through His poverty might become rich” (2 Corinthians 8.9). One great lesson of the Christian life is that self-confidence makes our strengths great weaknesses.

Surprisingly, this was all true “even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in [the Corinthians]” (1 Corinthians 1.6). Paul is genuinely thankful for the gifts God gives them since they are evidence of the testimony of Christ being confirmed in or among them. The Father does the work of confirming that those gifts are present. This passive verb in verse 6 (“was confirmed”) emphasizes again the need for humility. They are confirmed by God already in them. Christians don’t do the work of confirming. God does that work.

The testimony of Christ points up His life’s work, culminating in His death, burial, and resurrection. The work of Christ guarantees the truth of the very message enriching the Corinthian believers. The emphasis is always on Christ not on us. We are simply earthen vessels.

God confirms these gifts in the Corinthians “so that [they] come short in no gift, eagerly waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 1.7). Paul is thankful for what is going on in the present, because he has an eye on the future. He thanks God for grace (v. 4), for enriching the Corinthians with gifts (v. 5), and for confirming the testimony of Christ’s finished work (v. 6). The result is that they come short in no gift that they have (v. 7).

They are complete in Christ. As they are filled with the Holy Spirit, they manifest His fruit in any and every of the gifts they possess. If we were eagerly waiting for the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ, we would exercise the gifts God gives to us in greater and greater degrees of humility. Maybe we lack the gifts we need because we lack the eagerness for Christ’s return. Perhaps there is a direct correlation between anticipating Christ’s return in the future and the exercise of our spiritual gifts in the present.

Many believers today are similar to the Corinthians in that we have an over-realized perspective when it comes to the return of Christ. We forget that we are still being perfected. We are still waiting for our final glorified state. We have not arrived. We must eagerly wait for our Lord Jesus Christ to be revealed so that will happen.

So, Paul is grateful to God. Specifically, he is grateful for God’s giftedness of believers. Verses 8 and 9 now introduce a second major thought regarding focused gratitude.

Gratitude for God’s Guarantee to Believers (1 Corinthians 1:8-9)

The eager anticipation of the revelation of Jesus Christ is heightened because our Savior is the One “who will also confirm you to the end, that you may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 1:8). Paul already mentions the revelation of Jesus Christ in verse 7. Now, he mentions the day of our Lord Jesus Christ in verse 8. He tells the Corinthians what that will mean for each of them personally. Paul is assured that God will confirm the Corinthians to the end, so that that they may be blameless or guiltless when they stand before the Father in the day of Christ.

It is certain that they have the righteousness of Christ. It’s not that the condition of the Corinthians’ lives at that present moment was blameless or guiltless. Paul doesn’t have confidence or assurance in the Corinthians; his confidence is in God. God is not finished with any of us. All of us need work. But God will see to it that that work is complete. This means that God’s guarantee is our eternal security in Christ.

This is good news which demands gratitude. “God is faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord” (1 Corinthians 1:9). God is faithful. This is important because, often, we are not faithful. The Corinthians struggled with faithfulness. 1 Thessalonians 5.24 says, “He who calls you is faithful, who also will do it.”

God is not depending on us; we are depending on God. God called us, and God is faithful. That’s an interesting combination. We will be blameless on the last day due to God’s faithfulness. God called the Corinthians and us into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord. We have fellowship with the Savior through the Holy Spirit. We are in Christ, free from sin, and in fellowship with Him and with our Father.

So, be grateful for God’s giftedness and for God’s guarantee.

Are you a grateful partaker of His gifts? Are you walking worthily of His calling? Are you dependent upon His power to both exercise your gifts and fulfill your calling?

Grateful for Gifts

We have received good things which have come down from the Father of lights. His daily mercy and benefits are incomparable to anything offered by this world. We know the message of salvation and have experienced it. We enjoy the confidence of our immortality and coming glorious reign with Christ. There is no other gift we need. We are content. There is no regret for things we do not have from this world. We have the greatest gifts any of us could desire in Christ. How could we not be thankful?

Worthy of God’s Calling

Once we understand what we have, we realize we come short in no gift. We present our bodies by the mercies of God, as living sacrifices, holy, acceptable to Him, which is our reasonable, rational service (Romans 12:1). God’s goal for our lives is that we would be blameless when Jesus returns. God is working in us so that we would become blameless and harmless, children of God without fault in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom we shine as lights in the world (Philippians 2:15). We shine as lights by walking worthily by lining up our condition in life with the position Christ gained for each of us.


The Corinthians needed to find out where strength came from. God confirms us to the end. God is faithful. He is the Author and the Finisher of our salvation. We are only channels. “The Lord is faithful, who will establish you and guard you from the evil one” (2 Thessalonians 3.3). He alone receives glory for the exercise of our gifts.

“Now to Him who is able to keep us from stumbling, and to present us faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, to God our Savior, who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amen” (Jude 24-25).

“Do You Not Know?”

Below are all the times in 1 Corinthians Paul asks this question.

  1. “Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you” (3.16)?
  2. “Do you not know that a little leaven (sin) leavens the whole lump” (5.6)?
  3. “Do you not know that the saints will judge the world” (6.2)?
  4. “Do you not know that we shall judge angels” (6.3)?
  5. “Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God” (6.9)?
  6. “Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ” (6.15)?
  7. “Do you not know that he who is joined to a harlot is one body with her” (6.16)?
  8. “Do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you” (6.19)?
  9. “Do you not know that those who minister the holy things eat of the things of the temple” (9.13)?
  10. “Do you not know that those who run in a race all run” (9.24)?

God’s Highest Good for Me

“We know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose” (Romans 8.28). We know because God either causes or allows all these things to happen in our lives. It is in this way that God is behind all things that happen to me. If God is behind everything that happens in my life, then there is a good hidden within what appears to be tragic. If this is not true, God is not God. But it is true because God is always good. The fact that God is good is an anchor for me. It is a stabilizing truth.

I only find it hard to trust God when I let go of the goodness of God. Jesus said you must hate father, mother, wife, children, brothers, sisters, and your own life to be His disciple. Jesus was talking about choices. If I will be His disciple today, I must choose Him before all people or things, even my own life. If I love God, I put His will first in my life. If I am such a person, God can work all things together for my good and His glory. If I do not choose to love God today, I will be miserable.

The called are the invited. But the invited often choose to decline an invitation. Even believers refuse Jesus’ invitation to come to Him. But today I am among those who love God. I am among those who freely accept His invitation. I am among the called and I will respond. I am invited by God to follow His plan in alignment with His Spirit. I will walk in accordance with the Spirit and in accordance with the purpose or plan of God. What is God’s plan or purpose? Generally, is to display His righteousness by becoming a mature child of God. God’s purpose is that I would glorify Him. This means I must trust Him to work all things together for good.

Alone with God

There are at least five reasons Jesus sought to be alone with His Father during His earthly ministry of redemption. May God strengthen our commitment to be alone with Him for these very reasons.

  1. Alone for Fullness

“Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, being tempted for forty days by the devil. And in those days He ate nothing, and afterward, when they had ended, He was hungry” (Luke 4.1-2). Jesus is physically empty and hungry during His temptation in the wilderness. Nevertheless, He is filled and led by the Holy Spirit. Whenever you sit alone with God and pray, you are seeking His kingdom and will first and foremost. You are arranging yourself under His authority and protection. Temptation is coming today. So, confess your sin. Pray for the strength you need to overcome it. Be familiar with and faithful to the Word of God. Be filled with the fulness of God the Holy Spirit.

  1. Alone for Usefulness

“When Jesus heard it, He departed from there by boat to a deserted place by Himself. But when the multitudes heard it, they followed Him on foot from the cities” (Matthew 14.13). Jesus sought to be alone in a world that wouldn’t leave Him alone. His need to be alone with His Father means He needed to be refreshed, recharged, and strengthened. If you are empty, you have nothing to give to the needy around you. Find the revitalization and revival you need in your time alone with God. What you receive from when you are alone with God is what is most useful to others in your life. Don’t fill time with the worthless; fill it with the Worthy One.

  1. Alone for Humility

“Now in the morning, having risen a long while before daylight, [Jesus] went out and departed to a solitary place; and there He prayed” (Mark 1.35). It is good to remember how busy Jesus was before this early morning retreat with His Father. The day before He called Simon, Andrew, James, and John to follow Him. He taught with astonishing authority in the synagogue at Capernaum. He rebuked an unclean spirit that had possessed a man in the synagogue. Then, He commanded that he come out of the man. He healed Peter’s mother-in-law who was sick with fever. During the evening, the whole city gathered at the door where He was staying. Jesus healed many who were sick with various diseases and cast out many demons. He did this long into the evening hours. That is a brief description of Jesus’ yesterday. But still, He got up long before daylight the next morning to pray. Jesus shows us how important it is to be alone with the Father to pray for strength and direction. If you are drifting along without the discipline of prayer, you are self-sufficient, hurried, and overwhelmed. Time alone with the Father demonstrates true humility and need before Him.

  1. Alone for Transformation

“Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John, and led them up on a high mountain apart by themselves; and He was transfigured before them” (Mark 9.2). Four men are by themselves on a high mountain. What happens to one of them will sustain the other three for years to come. The appearance of Jesus changes, but He Himself is changeless. His transfiguration is for their transformation. When we see the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ in the context of His transfiguration and subsequent resurrection, we are transformed into the same image from glory to glory. When we are apart by ourselves before Jesus at Church, we need to hear our Father say, “Look at My beloved Son and listen to Him” (Mark 9.7)! Let us change before the Changeless One together.

  1. Alone for Approval

“And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites. For they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. But you, when you pray, go into your room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly” (Matthew 6.5-6). Jesus assumes His followers will pray. He says, “When you are praying” not “If you pray”. He certainly doesn’t condemn public prayer. He is merely stating that the bulk of our praying will be done in private. Then, our Father will reward us openly. If you pray more publicly, it could be you are more interested in man’s approval rather than God’s. Live your life under the watchful eye of God at all times. Ask God to make Himself known to you and stop trying to make yourself known before others.

A Conflict Worth Having – Pt 6

This is the conclusion of a six-part series on Acts 15.

Conflict is inevitable for a church which operates without the guidance of God’s Holy Spirit (Acts 15.36-41). It was God’s will for Paul and Barnabas to separate and take new partners as they headed out on another missionary journey. However, it wasn’t God’s will Do for them to be contentious with one another?

When we read the last paragraph of Acts 15, we and are even more convinced that we are reading the very words of God. If a man came up with this account, he would never cast Paul or Barnabas in such a negative light. But all things are naked and open before God the Holy Spirit.

Beginning a second missionary journey is a good thing. Barnabas wants to give John-Mark another opportunity to be help. After all, the difficulties during the first missionary journey were very great. Listen to what Paul himself tells us about it in 2 Corinthians 11.23-27:

Are they ministers of Christ?—I speak as a fool—I am more: in labors more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequently, in deaths often. From the Jews five times I received forty stripes minus one. Three times I was beaten with rods; once I was stoned; three times I was shipwrecked; a night and a day I have been in the deep; in journeys often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils of my own countrymen, in perils of the Gentiles, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; in weariness and toil, in sleeplessness often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness…

While the contention was sharp, Paul and Barnabas eventually agreed to disagree on taking John-Mark. They didn’t stay contentious and bitter or else they would not have been able to effectively minister. The big mistake both made is that they didn’t seek the Holy Spirit’s guidance. We know this without a doubt because the Spirit may lead us in different directions, but He never does so through sharp contention.

Paul wanted helpers that wouldn’t cave under great pressure. Barnabas wanted to restore John-Mark to useful ministry. Both men have a point, but they were wrong in assuming that God wanted them to stay together. God’s will was for them to split in two teams. Paul and Silas would tackle the difficult aspects of the second missionary journey; Barnabas and John-Mark would go to Cyprus, a place where John-Mark would more readily learn how to stand for Jesus Christ.

God’s will is to lead us as we pray and reason together with loving, kind words. We must learn to operate as a church under the watchful eye of God. We must be constantly fed and led together by the Holy Spirit. How can we put ourselves in a place where this kind of cooperation flourishes?

  1. Remain dependent. God guides the humble in justice; the humble He teaches His way (Psalm 25.9).
  2. Learn from God. God instructs and teaches the church in the way it should go (Psalm 32.8).
  3. Feed on His Word and will. God will guide us with His counsel, and afterward receive us to glory (Psalm 73.24). God must open our eyes in order that we might see wondrous things from His Word/law (Psalm 119.18). “This is the way, walk in it” (Isaiah 30.21).
  4. Receive daily mercy and refreshing. God has mercy on us and thus will lead us and guide us to springs of water (Isaiah 49.10).
  5. Be filled with the Spirit. The Holy Spirit is here to guide us into all truth (John 16.13). Those led by the Holy Spirit are sons of God (Romans 8.14). If you are led by the Holy Spirit, you are not under the law (Galatians 5.18). The Holy Spirit illumines the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make us wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus (2 Timothy 3.15).

The glory of God and the purity of doctrine are maintained during times of conflict in the local church only through the practice of biblical separation and biblical unity. While conflict is inevitable in a local church, it is deserved when the church leadership and congregation fails to seek guidance from God. The Holy Spirit gives a responsibility to each of us in order to resolve inevitable conflict within the church.

A Conflict Worth Having – Pt 5

Notice the word encouragement in Acts 15.31. It’s a strong word in the Greek, which means great consolation. It is a word used of the Holy Spirit when He is called the Comforter – the One who comes alongside of us and fills us with courage and confidence. The Holy Spirit is One upon whom we depend! Judas and Silas, as true prophets of God, exhorted (same word for comfort) and strengthened the brethren with many words (15.32). The letter from the Jerusalem church brought comfort; the prophets Judas and Silas brought comfort. Not only were Judas and Silas able to tell the church what would happen in the future; they were also able to give the true meaning of Scripture. This is what they do for the Gentiles in Acts 15. That is why we have Acts 15 in the first place!

The glory of God and purity of doctrine are maintained through proper unity within a local church. Ministry continues in the midst of conflict because of the encouragement we garner from one another as each of us is led by the Comforter, the Holy Spirit. It is good and pleasant when we dwell together in this kind of unity (Psalm 133.1).

How are we to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace (see Ephesians 4)?

  1. We must walk worthy of our calling (Ephesians 4.1).
  2. We walk with all lowliness, gentleness, and longsuffering because that is how we will learn from Jesus together (Ephesians 4.2a).
  3. We walk by bearing with one another in love (Ephesians 4.2b).
  4. We endeavor to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace (Ephesians 4.3). It’s not the unity of ecumenism to which we are called. It’s not unity at all costs to which we are called. It is the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. The peace spoken of here is a peace that reconciles us to God.
  5. We must have pastors who preach and teach the Word of God to equip the saints and edify the Body of Christ until we all come to the unity of the faith (the body of God’s truth and Word illumined by the Spirit) and the knowledge of the Son of God (Ephesians 4.12-13).
  6. We must realize that unity will remain elusive until we mature in our relationship with God and grow in the fullness of Christ (Ephesians 4.13).
  7. Unity is kept by speaking truth in love not speaking humiliating and denigrating words to one another (Ephesians 4.15).
  8. Unity comes to a church when she matures and draws from the head of the Church – Christ. He joins and knits together our assembly, according to the effective working by which every part does its share. If we fail to carry out our responsibilities and exercise our gifts in this church, then we will not grow or find the elusive edification and love we are missing (Ephesians 4.16).

The glory of God and purity of doctrine are maintained through biblical separation AND biblical unity. Conflict is inevitable for a church that seeks to do both. But conflict is inevitable, even deserved, for a church which never bothers to consult God’s will and way either.